The Green Economy in the UK… What’s Missing

According to Wikipedia, the green economy is one which “aims at reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities, and… aims for sustainable development without degrading the environment.” I went to a celebration of it this week, hosted by Business Green.

The Green EconomyWe’d been shortlisted for an award and I had a cracking night. The food was great and the wine flowed. Fab people and inspiring stories. Lots of enthusiastic young, and a lot of companies represented. There were 25 awards, and a short list of 136 finalists for them, ranging from large household names to small companies like us*. There was a real buzz and enthusiasm about the evening. We heard a lot about low carbon, zero emissions, renewable energy, battery storage, energy efficiency, clever building, recycling, and sustainability generally. Business Green is a good publication, and they’d taken a lot of care to host a very enjoyable event. They launched their Net Zero Now campaign on the night, which helps business and government develop net zero emission strategies.

There was, however, something missing.

It’s something which is generally missing from events like these. Given the rest of the evening it almost seems churlish to mention it, but I just have to. It’s the ecological scarcities bit of Wikipedia’s definition. Biodiversity loss didn’t get a look in.

In fairness, there was an award for Best Environmental Awareness Campaign. This did include one project which seemed to be about ecology. That meant that 2 out of the 136 finalists were directly concerned with reversing biodiversity loss – including us, who are so small we don’t really count!

This is entirely typical of the green economy in the UK. Reversing biodiversity loss just isn’t a priority; not for government, NGOs, policy wonks, business, and specialist media. Climate change and sustainability generally completely dominate their agendas. I suspect in years to come this will be as baffling to most people as it is to me now.

*no, of course we didn’t win. I was thrilled to be on a shortlist, though.

Common Ground

Common Ground is a wonderfully slippery fish. It’s a charity founded by Sue Clifford and Angela King, which according to its unique website “seek(s) imaginative ways to engage people with their local environment”. We’ve supported it for many years, and I very much share its philosophy and aims. I guess finding Common Ground was one of the reasons I had my conversion from City bloke to whatever the hell it is I do now.

Common GroundWhat do they do? All sorts. Art installations, practical guides, events… I first bumped into them in the early 2000s, when we set up an Apple Day in an old cider orchard in our village. Everyone gathered and harvested the apples, tea was taken, then the apples pressed and bottled to support the village church and hall.

It was Common Ground who started Apple Day and the idea of community orchards. They also worked hard to revive local varieties of fruit trees, but particularly apple trees. This fell neatly into Sue and Angela’s central objective. They want to get communities to understand and promote “local distinctiveness” through art and custom, landscape and architecture, history and environment.
Common GroundBang on message for Habitat Aid. We promote exactly the same values. I wish I had the imagination to come up with the kind of innovative ways Common Ground have done to promote them.

These days, you might associate this kind of philosophy with a small island mentality. Not at all with Common Ground. Their message is absolutely inclusive, promoting localism within a global community. The two can co-exist. And Common Ground have got things done, rather than just talk about them. Books, projects, artwork, landscape work – over a 35 year history they have produced a really significant and eclectic body of work. You can see their influence across a whole range of apparently unconnected areas, in urban and rural settings.

I heard Sue speak yesterday evening. Although these days they have handed the running of the charity on, her and Angela’s enthusiasm and clarity of purpose is undimmed. Thanks both.

Farmland – Does It Really Matter and What Should We Do With It?

Much interest in Michael Gove’s prognostications on farmland subsidies today. This is a really important issue for environmentalists – perhaps more important than you might think.

Oddly, most people in the UK think that the country is largely concreted over. How much of the UK’s land area do you think is densely* built on? According to a recent Ipsos Mori poll, the average estimate is 47%. The actual number is… 0.1%. The younger people are, the more land they think is concrete. 47% is a vast over-estimation of the proportion of land built on at all, which is below 6%

UK farmlandAs the BBC’s Mark Easton pointed out in his excellent blog, this misconception has disastrous implications for debate about land use.

Oddly, folk living in rural locations had the same level of misconception as those in towns and cities. In other words, this is received rather than observed wisdom.

There’s a powerful historical narrative at work here which we need to unravel, and which has a direct bearing on what we do with our farmland. Although it takes up much more of our land than people think, farmland is far from the rural utopia that the same narrative suggests. It’s not the green and pleasant land threatened by the looming giants of the industrial revolution and – today – housing sprawl. Most farmers have to work their land very hard to make ends meet.

Farmland is very important for the natural environment. We must concentrate on getting the policies shaping it right. What happens on farmland is much, much more important for biodiversity than what happens in urban areas. It’s well over 50% of our land mass, massively more than natural land, and much of it is now very degraded.

The Common Agricultural Policy has done little to halt this degradation. It has probably made it worse. Mr Gove doesn’t like the CAP, and has perhaps been surprised to find allies in the environmental lobby. It’s expensive, inefficient and politically sensitive. Paying subsidies on the basis of land ownership – with no cap – is inevitably going to produce poor outcomes and promote grotesque income inequalities.

What Mr Gove proposes is a kind of expansion of countryside stewardship and agri-environmental schemes. We will pay farmers for the “public goods” they create rather than the acreage they farm. Mr. Gove mentioned planting woodland, creating new habitats for wildlife, helping improve water quality and recreating wildflower meadows. Potentially good news for Habitat Aid, incidentally, although I wonder where all the seed and plants for this will come from! I hope they will have the right provenance…

This dramatic and potentially really exciting switch in policy begs more questions than it answers. Presumably cost cutting is a rationale for doing it – how big would any new pot be? In order to be meaningful they will have to be landscape wide and administered by an expensive and well informed bureaucracy.

What would be the impact on food prices and how would the electorate react to that? We still produce 60% of the food we eat – what happens as that falls when intensive farming becomes less attractive? What would happen to activities like hill farming, which are fundamentally uneconomic?

I don’t see how we can end up with cheap food produced to today’s standards or better, an improved environment, and a saving to the public purse. You can’t have your cake and eat it.

  • i.e. over 80%+ covered by artificial surfaces like buildings and roads.


A Little Reason

I tend to avoid social media these days. I don’t object to the polarisation of opinions that it creates so much as the post-factual nature of much of the debate. I first came across this with bees, about which I must have read hundreds of thousands of words of uninformed comment over the years. It’s not just bees though; it’s every issue I have an interest in. Meadows, fresh water habitats, butterflies and moths, orchards… invariably reasoned well informed voices are drowned out by folk with an agenda.
There’s generally no arguing with these points of view, based as they are on belief or misconception and expressed aggressively. All we can do is to help the under-funded and unheralded science based projects and NGOs who continue to work quietly away at improving our understanding of the natural world around us. This is part of the raison d’etre of Habitat Aid. I posted cheques for £14000 to some of my favourite charity partners today from our recent website sales, which will make a huge difference to some of the heroic small charities we work with. Good luck, and keep up the good work.

Hedge Planting In The Wet

Native planting
Hedge and copse scheme, Cambridgeshire.

By my reckoning, this bare root planting season the Habitat Aid hedge elves will have planted something over 130,000 plants around the country. There’s some repairing of existing hedges but it’s mostly new planting – woodland areas and new hedges, often on the sites of old grubbed out hedgerows. This makes me happy, particularly as they’re all species native to Britain and plants grown from British stock by British growers. Great for the wildlife that depends on them, great for everybody. So long as they’re looked after (!?) in a modest way we will have left our mark on the landscape for many years.

This season hasn’t been without its troubles, however. Most folk use bare root hedge plants; they’re cheap, easy to handle, and have a good success rate. They’re planted when dormant, in ground that’s not frozen or waterlogged. Here are the two problems. First off, as the more observant of you might have noticed, some early blossom has already been out for a while and the first shimmers of green are apparent in the hedgerows. It looks more like mid-March than early February out there. This means that there’s a huge rush on to get plants in the ground before they break dormancy, in which case they react badly to being transplanted. Alternatively, if like us you have suppliers who can chill their stock, you can hold spring back.

We’ve needed to do this for a number of sites which are underwater. In my book it’s probably not terribly bright building a solar park on the Levels, in a site surrounded on all sides by rhynes (deep drainage ditches) and where the local botany consists exclusively of rushes and sedges. I’m surprised the arrays haven’t started to sink. Anyway, the chances of planting that particular site before April are zero.

Hedge planting
There’s a pond in my hedge! Wiltshire.

Climate change is having an effect on how we’re planting these hedges and what they’ll look like. Sections of Hawthorn and Hazel will fail because they will rot in standing water. We’ll replace them with Willow and Dogwood. The hedge will look much redder in the winter and spring. We are slightly moving old hedgelines in order to avoid really wet areas and tweaking mixes for some sites, particularly in the wetter west, to include more water tolerant species. The look of the countryside will change.

The methodology of planting will alter too. Specifiers – typically in our case ecologists and landscape architects – will have to be more flexible when it comes to planting times and species. A site can’t be planted between November and end March if it’s typically submerged for that period. More hedge mixes need to include wet loving plants; without them there can be some real disasters as “extreme” weather creates impossible conditions for some species.

New Year Newsletter

Happy New Year!
Thank you so much for your support in 2015, which has enabled us to donate £20,000 to small UK Conservation Charities.

2016 has started as wet and soggy as December, which broke all sorts of records for warmth and rainfall in the UK. Whatever the cause, weather patterns are changing and folk are having to adapt.
We are trying to plant hedges at a number of sites at the moment which are completely under water and likely to stay that way until April. We’ll probably have to use chilled stock to plant in spring, and hope we don’t have three months as dry as the winter has been wet. We’ve scarcely had a frost here this winter, so various seeds which need the cold to provoke germination are going to no show. Spring flowers are beginning to make unexpected appearances and the grass is still growing in our meadow, which needs more active management.
Perhaps some of these changes might help people notice their environment and particularly plants a little more. I often feel they view them as incidental background to “nature” on TV – i.e. cute mammals and birds. I hope too that our understanding of plants’ role in the landscape will come into sharper focus as we become more aware of land use in our search for more effective flood prevention.
When our native flora does register on our collective consciousness at the moment it’s generally because of its relationship with pollinators like bees (in the news again because of a rather gloomy study about neonicotinoids from our friends at Sussex University). I’m regularly asked for seed mixes for bees, even different types of bees, which we can happily supply but which seem to me to miss a trick. A typical wildflower meadow mix, for example, is brilliant for all sorts of invertebrates, but not optimal for honeybees. A brilliant honeybee mix is much less helpful for other species. Diversity, as ever, is the key, and something we can help you create.

Nick Mann

Spring 2015 Newsletter

Honeybee in springSpring is springing all over the place at Habitat Aid’s Somerset HQ. I suddenly feel terribly behind in the garden. The veg is ok but everything else – eek! We have a party of beekeepers coming to look around in a month or so, then we have a family wedding at the beginning of August – I’m a man under pressure! I’m seeding the last of the cornfield annuals to make a splash for the wedding, and finally sorting out the pond (see below). Rattle seedlings are appearing and the meadows are almost visibly growing. Queen bumblebees are buzzing about looking for nest sites and enjoying early blossom on our Cherry Plum and Almond trees. It’s just about time for me to see how our honey bees have over wintered.

Our bare root plant suppliers and planters have put their feet up at the end of a frantic season and are looking forward to a well deserved rest. I don’t know how many kilometres of native hedging we’ve put in this year, but it feels like it has been enough to get to the moon and back. It has been great for the charities we support too. We’re increasingly funding them through benefits in kind where we can, which over the last few weeks have included seed and plants for Butterfly Conservation and a display stand for the Bumblebee Conservation Trust. Among smaller charities we’ve also helped out local environmental charity Carymoor and the Thorne and Hatfield Moors forum.

We’re now gearing up for seeding. April and May are good months to sow wildflowers, although try not to take any short cuts when it comes to prepping the seed bed. I’m always impatient in the garden, and it has disastrous consequences! If you run out of time, don’t be tempted. Keep working on the site and seed in September.

A playground for pondlife!
A playground for pondlife!
We have transformed our pond by planting the sides of the butyl liner with the pre-planted coir mats we sell. They’re a great answer to a perennial problem. Easy to install, and creating instant effect.

Pollen from crocuses is an important early food source for our honeybees in early spring. We’ve also planted hellebores and early flowering willow to help them at this critical time of year.

Christmas Newsletter

Small-leaved Lime (Tilia cordata) three in snow, winterIt’s here again – happy Christmas! The days are growing longer and spring suddenly seems much closer. Thank you everyone for helping to make this a great year.

The business is beginning to be of a size that’s making a material difference. We’ve sold enough wildflower and grass seed to sow over 500 acres and plants for over 20km of native hedge, for example. Most of this has gone towards habitat creation rather than restoration, which is particularly exciting.

We’ve become a corporate member of the invaluable National Biodiversity Network, and in addition to supporting our usual charities we’ve been able to help some smaller ones. At the Invertebrate Conservation Conference I found out about the Thorne and Hatfield Moors Conservation Forum, for example. I hope that these donations are genuinely helpful; small conservation charities are pretty close to the bottom of the pecking order for funding, which in these straitened times is more often than not non-existent anyway.

We’ve been doing a lot of work with two solar developers, Good Energy and Solar Century. I know folk are divided over solar farms, but I am very bullish about the projects we are involved in. Our partners in this area needed to be chosen very carefully, and the work we’re doing for them constitutes much more than just visual mitigation. The solar farms we’ve been working on will be largely (if not totally) invisible biodiversity hot spots of between 10 and 80 acres. Next year we’re working on three sites of over 200 acres! They might not look like it, but these will effectively become nature reserves. Everyone gains from this kind of project – just the sort of thing Habitat Aid was set up to promote and facilitate.

What’s else is happening with us in 2015? We’re revamping the website, to be finished in January (maybe!). At the moment our business is nearly entirely non-retail, which makes me unhappy, so this should help to rebalance it. We’ll also be able to introduce regular offers for readers of our newsletter. I’ve got one or two other interesting ideas too.

At Hookgate Cottage our new garden is almost finished but there will doubtless be much more work to do before the current swamp out there turns to concrete in the summer. In the meantime I’m doing an RHS course, which is reinforcing my view that I know nothing about anything. The only way is up!

A Christmas Tale

I went Christmas tree shopping this afternoon and, as you can see, bought a beautiful tree.

I’m always a bit nervous about buying the family Christmas tree as I usually get flak for it. The trees I bring home are either too skinny, too bushy, too short or too tall, so I was mightily relived to have found such a fab tree – and a non dropper to boot. It was a good price and I found it at a reputable local supplier. They only had bigger trees left, which was even more amazing as I wanted a good sized one for the hall.

As you might expect from someone who makes a living out of promoting and selling plants and seed from British growers, I asked where the tree was from. It was British, I was told – and indeed there was a label proclaiming its Britishness in prominent pride of place.

The label was green, which helpfully told me how tall the tree was according to a key. The perfect size.

Christmas tree label 1

As we were finishing decorating the tree we found another, more generic label:
Tannenbaum 2

The label seems to have come from a Danish company, according to one of my readers. There’s probably a perfectly innocent reason for finding this on my British grown tree. With a stroke of marketing genius, I bet the British grower decided to put a Danish label on the tree to show it was specially “selekted”.

I do hope the tree is really British. One of the reasons I set my business up was to make folk aware of the need to buy British plants and seeds and then actually get what they think they’re getting. I sometimes wonder whether that’s a more radical idea than I had thought.

Newsletter: November 2014

Barring the Yellow Rattle the seeding is all done for another year and we’re lining up all our hedge plant orders, to start delivery from next week.

The weather is finally turning autumnal, but I think the extended warm spell has done for my honeybees, who despite my best efforts look to have succumbed to a bunch of freebooting wasps. Oh well – time will tell.

Climate change was very much on the agenda at the Invertebrate Conservation Conference a couple of weeks ago. Distributions of butterflies and moths should persuade anyone that it’s getting warmer here and that habitat loss continues to wreak terrible damage to our invertebrate populations – and thence everything else.

Looking on the bright side though, there are some really good initiatives gathering momentum, characterized by co-ordination between various interested parties – keep an eye on B-Lines, for example, a Buglife led project which is now taking aim at London. Even HMG seems to have caught pollinator fever – in a modest way.

The business continues to truck along. 2014 will be another record year for us thanks to our business to business sales. We’re helping create a lot of valuable new habitat! We are redesigning our website to kickstart moribund retail sales, about which more anon. It should relaunch early next year.

iris-foetissimaLLearning to Garden

I’ve finally got around to doing the RHS Level 2 course, which has reminded me how little I know about almost everything. Last week I embarrassed myself by not recognizing Iris foetidissima. Now I know it I’ve added it to my cracking native plants for gardens list. One of many!


Finally – FINALLY – the pond is starting to fill. We’ve even had some Chasers laying eggs in it, and the odd frog. I’ve popped some oxygenators in ahead of the winter; Starwort, Milfoil and Hornwort. The test will now be to see how clean the water is that will be running off into it; water quality is the key issue for ponds like this.

A Meadow in Winter

We had a visitor a couple of weeks ago who didn’t believe we had any meadow areas here. I can sympathize; in winter they look like closely mown lawns ( with a lot of “weeds” in! ). A lot of folk make the mistake of not keeping their meadows either grazed or cut close enough over the winter. It won’t harm the rosettes of the wildflowers and will encourage diversity.