23/05: Seed delivery in a week, pond plants 1-2 weeks, other plugs 2-4 weeks. Now accepting orders for fruit and apple trees for delivery from November 2021. £50 minimum order.

Goat willow, Salix caprea

Goat Willow (Salix caprea)

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Goat Willow (Salix caprea)

Why Goat Willow? No-one seems quite sure - it's nothing botanical. It might have been grown to feed goats - who knows. It's the odd one out, as Goat Willow (or Pussy Willow, or Great Sallow) doesn't necessarily need wet, although it grows as quickly as our other native willows. Salix caprea is dioecious too - male and female flowers appear on separate trees. As other true willows - as opposed to hybrids - it won't grow from a rod stuck in the ground. The male flowers are in the form of yellow catkins (as pictured), which are an important source of early pollen and nectar for bees in the critical period of early spring.

Value For Wildlife

In the female form Salix caprea has silver catkins, which are also an excellent source of early season nectar. There was a beautiful old Goat Willow tree in our old village that is covered with our bees as soon as it comes into flower. Useful for the church flowers, too. Among its dependent species is the spectacular Purple Emperor, for which it is a foodplant. They seem to be second only to the oaks in terms of dependent species, which include several small mammals.

Plants For Sale

Provenance certificates are available on request for our Goat Willow plants, which are from the Southwest of England.

Suppliers: Perrie Hale Forest Nursery

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See our planting and size guide for details and tips on planting. These Goat Willow trees are all bare root, and are consequently available for delivery from November until March. During the lifting season there may be up to two weeks delay between placing the order and dispatching, due to weather conditions or pressure of orders, which are dealt with in date sequence. Orders for Goat Willows placed between March and September are confirmed in October ready for dispatch from November.


  • Ultimate Height


  • Ultimate Spread


  • Time to Ultimate Height

    Over 20 years


  • Type

    Clay, loam, sand

  • pH

    Neutral, acid, alkaline


  • Position

    Sheltered or exposed

  • Sunlight

    Full sun